How to Treat Hyperglycemia

High blood sugar is treated by giving additional insulin (as directed) and water or sugar-free drinks, such diet (not regular) soda. Children with diabetes must be given free access to water and the bathroom whenever they feel the need it. If blood glucose is over 300 mg/dL or he is ill or vomiting, Jeremy should test his blood or urine ketones. If greater than low ketones are detected, call parents or a doctor. Prolonged hyperglycemia due to insufficient insulin can lead to a very serious condition called diabetic ketoacidosis, which can lead to coma and death.