Information about Type 1 Diabetes

Jeremy has Type 1 Diabetes (T1D) and allergies to nuts, peaches and chicken. This website summarizes information for adults who are supervising him.

T1D, previously called juvenile diabetes, is an autoimmune disease in which the body destroys insulin-producing beta cells in the pancreas. Insulin is required by the body to use glucose. People with T1D must inject insulin. Diabetes is not contagious. There is no cure, but T1D can be managed with insulin injections, blood sugar monitoring, proper diet and exercise.

Jeremy knows how to manage his diabetes, but he may need your understanding and assistance. In particular, Jeremy needs to:

  1. Monitor his blood glucose

  2. Eat regular meals and count his carbohydrates

  3. Administer insulin before a meal or snack

  4. Test his blood glucose and snack before and during exercise

High and Low Blood Glucose

Learn the symptoms of low blood glucose (hypoglycemia) and high blood glucose (hyperglycemia) and how to treat each. See this chart for a summary of these conditions and appropriate actions. Hypoglycemia is the more immediate emergency that can come on in minutes. Hyperglycemia is serious but takes hours or longer to develop into an emergency.

Hypoglycemia occurs when blood glucose is too low (<80 mg/dL), due to too much insulin, not enough food, or due to exercise or stress. Low blood sugar can come on quickly and must be treated immediately or it could lead to a medical emergency.

Hyperglycemia occurs when blood glucose levels are too high (>300 mg/dL), due to too little insulin or too much carbohydrate intake. Hyperglycemia takes hours or longer to occur but can lead to a life-threatening condition called diabetic ketoacidosis.